Pilot Lithium Extraction Plant

Geo3 has received funding from the UK Government “Getting Building Fund” to build a pioneering pilot lithium extraction plant. This project is a collaboration between Cornish Lithium Ltd. and Geothermal Engineering Limited (GEL). The pilot plant will use Direct Lithium Extraction (DLE) technology to recover lithium from geothermal waters at GEL’s United Downs Deep Geothermal Project in Cornwall.


A pilot-scale lithium extraction plant will be designed, procured and commissioned at the United Downs Deep Geothermal Project site. The pilot plant will then be used to demonstrate that lithium, a key component of lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles, can be produced in Cornwall from naturally occurring geothermal waters with a net zero carbon footprint. Domestic production of this critical metal is vital for the UK to deliver its zero carbon and clean growth ambitions.

The granite rocks beneath Cornwall are rich in both lithium and heat. The demonstration lithium extraction pilot plant will trial environmentally-responsible DLE technology to selectively remove lithium compounds from water extracted by the geothermal powerplant from its 5.2km deep borehole. Once the lithium has been extracted, the water will be reinjected into the rock.

Following the success of work carried out independently by both Cornish Lithium and GEL to date, the co-production of lithium with geothermal heat and power from the same geothermal waters is considered to be an exciting opportunity for Cornwall.